Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases that affect the gums and other structures that support the teeth. It is also known as periodontology. Periodontists are dentists who specialize in this field and are trained to diagnose and treat gum diseases, as well as perform cosmetic procedures to improve the appearance of the gums. The main goal of periodontics is to prevent and treat gum diseases, such as gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums caused by plaque buildup, while periodontitis is an advanced form of gum disease that can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Periodontists can also perform cosmetic procedures to improve the appearance of the gums, such as reshaping or recontouring them. Periodontists provide a variety of services to help patients maintain healthy gums and teeth. These services include:
- Scaling and root planing: This procedure involves removing plaque and tartar from below the gum line and smoothing out rough spots on the roots of teeth to help prevent bacteria from accumulating.
- Gum grafts: This procedure involves taking tissue from another part of the mouth or body and grafting it onto the gums to help restore lost gum tissue.
- Crown lengthening: This procedure involves reshaping the gum line to expose more of the tooth, making it easier to place a crown or bridge.
- Pocket reduction surgery: This procedure involves reducing the depth of pockets between teeth and gums to help prevent bacteria from accumulating.
- Bone grafts: This procedure involves taking bone from another part of the body or a donor source and grafting it onto the jawbone to help restore lost bone tissue.
They provide a variety of services, such as scaling and root planing, gum grafts, crown lengthening, pocket reduction surgery, and bone grafts, to help patients maintain healthy gums and teeth.